When your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or can’t use it correctly, you have diabetes. Insulin is a hormone that is produced by the pancreas. It regulates the amount of sugar in your blood. A high sugar level in your blood can harm numerous areas of your body, including your heart, kidneys, eyes, and brain. Diabetes can affect the kidneys greatly. This can lead to kidney disease and kidney failure with time.
Your kidneys are vital because they maintain the equilibrium of your entire body. They eliminate waste from the body and keep the body’s fluids in check. They also aid in the management of blood pressure, the maintenance of bone health, and the production of red blood cells. It is reasonable to assume that if your kidneys fail, your entire body is at risk.
Diabetes affect the kidney
The sugar level in your blood rises when diabetes is not adequately controlled. Hyperglycemia is the medical term for this condition. Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) can harm numerous organs, including the kidneys, heart, blood vessels, eyes, foot, and nerves.
Excessive filtration being harmful
The kidney’s filtration units are lined with small blood veins. High blood sugar levels might cause these arteries to become narrow and blocked over time. The kidneys become damaged when there isn’t enough blood, and albumin, a kind of protein, slips through these filters and ends up in the urine, where it shouldn’t. This condition in diabetes will affect the kidneys.
Nerves affect kidneys
The nerves in your body might also be harmed by diabetes. Nerves transmit information from your brain to the rest of your body, including your bladder. They send signals to your brain when your bladder is full. If your bladder nerves are injured, however, you may not be able to tell when your bladder is full. Your kidneys might be damaged by the pressure of a full bladder.
Urinary tract problems
Additionally, if urine remains in your bladder for an extended period of time, you may get a urinary tract infection. This is due to the presence of bacteria. Bacteria are microscopic creatures that may cause disease, similar to germs. With a high sugar content in the urine, they develop quickly. These infections usually attack the bladder, but they can sometimes extend to the kidneys.
The majority of patients with early kidney impairment have no symptoms. A urine test once a year is the best method to detect early kidney impairment. Albuminuria is a condition in which there are extremely tiny quantities of protein in the urine. It aids in the early detection of kidney impairment in diabetics. You can keep kidney disease from becoming worse if you obtain the appropriate therapy.
Alternatively, you can use an ultrasound to look at your kidneys. It can scan the size of the kidneys and check for constriction of the arteries leading to the kidneys, which can lead to reduced renal function.
There are several other methods as well, but the most effective methods to test your kidneys are the above-mentioned ones. Stay healthy and try to control blood sugar if you have diabetes. This is the best way to prevent kidney damage.