During pregnancy, women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are more likely to experience specific issues or difficulties. Thus, PCOS also effects delivery. Some women may not be aware that they have PCOS until they try to get pregnant. PCOS frequently remains unnoticed until a woman becomes pregnant. However, if you’ve been trying to conceive naturally for more than a year, talk to your doctor about being tested.
Your doctor can assist you in making a pregnancy plan. Some techniques, like reducing weight, eating a nutritious diet, and, in some circumstances, using medicines, can help you get pregnant.
Pregnancy and delivery problems are more likely in women with PCOS. These include a three-fold increased risk of miscarriage in early PCOS pregnancy compared to women without PCOS, gestational diabetes, which can result in large babies, preeclampsia, which is defined by sudden elevated blood pressure and body swelling after the 20th week of pregnancy, preterm birth, and C-section delivery, among others.
Preeclampsia can harm the mother’s kidneys, liver, and brain, so you’ll need to be constantly examined if you have it throughout your pregnancy. Many women with PCOS have to worry about diabetes during pregnancy. Insulin may be necessary to keep your blood sugar levels constant if you develop gestational diabetes. Diabetes during pregnancy might cause complications during delivery.
Care during pregnancy
You’ll probably need to monitor your blood sugar more frequently during pregnancy than you did previously. You should check your blood sugar as often as your doctor tells you. It’s best to try it before meals, one or two hours after a meal, before bedtime, and during the night. Consult your doctor to find out what your blood glucose levels should be. Most diabetic pregnant women should strive for normal blood sugar levels.
If you were already using an insulin pump before becoming pregnant, you should continue to do so. Using an insulin pump for the first time during pregnancy is generally not a good idea. However, if alternative forms of insulin aren’t controlling your blood sugar, your doctor may recommend switching to an insulin pump.
What to do?
Consult a doctor for nutritional treatment. This personalized healthy eating plan ensures you obtain the nutrients you need and gain the correct amount of weight while keeping your blood sugar under control. The dietician may advise you to reduce the number of carbohydrates you consume. Three modest meals and two to four snacks each day are great for you.
The most essential thing is to eat a diet rich in nutrient-dense meals and sufficient protein while avoiding high-sugar items. Your best chance is to stay away from junk food and processed meals. To avoid medical problems and maximize fetal growth and development, proper medical care and medical nutrition treatment are essential.
Controlling postprandial hyperglycemia with post-meal physical exercise, such as walking for 10 to 20 minutes, can help regulate blood pressure and insulin resistance. Also, once you’ve completed your first trimester, your doctor is likely to reduce the amount of folic acid you take (week 12).