PCOS is linked to an increased risk of some cancers. For example, some evidence suggests that women with the polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are more likely to develop endometrial cancer. It is present in the inner lining of the uterus. Period irregularity or a lack of periods can cause the endometrium to thicken and grow up. Endometrial cancer can develop as a result of this thickening.
There is a scarcity of information on the relationship between breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and PCOS. Some small studies show that a lack of ovulation, in PCOS, is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer.
While some studies have found a more than doubling of the risk of ovarian cancer in women with this condition, these findings have yet to be validated in large population studies, and other research suggests that women with PCOS may have a reduced risk of ovarian cancer. As a result, any links between PCOS and breast or ovarian cancer remain speculative.
What is PCOS?
PCOS affects women of all races who are of childbearing age. In most situations, the disease is present when you are unable to conceive. Although the specific etiology of PCOS is unknown, experts believe it is caused by excessive insulin and androgen levels in the body.
Insulin aids in the conversion of food into energy in your body. A woman’s body produces a minute amount of male hormones. Irregular periods, hair changes, skin discoloration, acne, and weight gain are all indications of high amounts of both of these hormones. PCOS also increases the production of estrogen, one of the most important female hormones.
According to studies, PCOS can lead to Endometrial cancer. When the cells that make up your uterus’ internal lining grow out of control, you get this type of cancer. The cause of this type of cancer is excessive estrogen levels, low progesterone levels, and irregular periods in women with PCOS. Despite the fact that your risk of endometrial cancer is high, it is good news that this type of cancer is very rare.
The link between PCOS and other diseases of the reproductive system, such as breast and ovarian cancer, is less clear. According to new research, higher levels of androgens and insulin can lead to breast cancer.
Other research, on the other hand, has shown no link between the two. Similarly, while some data implies a link between PCOS and ovarian cancer, the Human Reproduction Update claims you’re no more likely to get ovarian cancer if you don’t have PCOS.
Thus, the studies have shown that the likelihood of endometrial cancer increases in women who are suffering from this condition. This type of condition is still new to the doctor and doctors all around the world are doing extensive research on it. Till that time comes, it is important to diagnose your condition as quickly as possible.